Software engineer

How To Become A Software engineer? , Software engineer Career, Job - TheCareerHub
  • Growth
  • Salary
    RS 20000-50000

Who is Software engineer?

With the increasing popularity and the recent boom in the advancement of technology, jobs in the field of software engineering are widely sought after.  Software engineering comes under the broad branch of engineering which uses scientific, mathematical and computational principles to design, develop, maintain computer software. This job primarily involves designing, coding computer software programs and operating systems as well as debugging and optimizing them to be efficient, feasible, and user-friendly. They are responsible for the entire lifecycle of the software, from the initial conceptualization phase to its delivery.  The maintenance of the software also comes under the purview of the software engineer.  A software engineer can specialise in areas such as database management, web development, system designing, artificial intelligence, system testing, machine learning, software development to name a few.

Typical day at work

What does Software engineer do?

A software engineer employs mathematical analysis and computer science concepts to develop and construct computer software. Desktop and online applications, mobile apps, games, robotics, operating systems, network systems, and other solutions are all created by software engineers. To transform a concept into a finished product, they use programming languages, frameworks, databases, servers, and other technology.

Depending on the educational background, experience, skill sets and area of specialization,  a software engineer's tasks for the job may differ. However, their role typically comprises of the following responsibilities: 

  • To evaluate and analyze user requirements to guide the creation of technical specifications of the product
  • To code the software program using complex programming languages such as JAVA, C++, Python, while refining and writing it as necessary
  • To write the technical specifications of the products
  • To test new software and investigate new technologies to integrate with the existing programs compatibly 
  • To modify and improve existing software and correct any software defects
  • To write the operational documentation of the process in order to communicate, record, and monitor the development of the product as well as to demonstrate solutions
  • To create software solutions in accordance with the client's needs and specifications
  • To run the testing and debugging processes to check for any errors as well as areas for improvement in existing software
  • To coordinate with the clients and the team comprising of project managers, sales and marketing professionals as well as graphic artists, systems analysts -  and gain feedback about the performance of the product
  • To continually work towards updating their knowledge and skills to keep up with the emerging technological advancements.
Abilities & aptitude needed

What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Software engineer?

Along with academic knowledge, getting on-the-ground experience that strengthens the aspirant's grasp of the subject is always an additional benefit in any given sector. It is highly encouraged to take up an internship and gain exposure to the latest software and hardware tools, methodologies and technology and become fluent with industrial standards. Internships may be obtained while students are still in school and even after graduation. Many educational boards have made it necessary for students to participate in at least one internship throughout their degree programme in order to better prepare them for real-world competency.


Which course I can pursue?

Best Colleges

Which are the best colleges to attend to become Software engineer?


Which industries are open for Software engineer?

Depending on one’s educational background, experience, and skillsets, aspirants may apply for the following software engineering jobs:

  • Software test engineers
  • Software Technicians
  • Software research engineers
  • Software Programmers
  • Maintenance Engineers
  • Applications developer
  • Database administrator
  • Game developer

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Are there internships available for Software engineer?

In any given field, along with theoretical knowledge, it is always an added advantage to get an on-ground experience that enhances the aspirant’s understanding of the domain. It is highly encouraged to take up an internship and gain exposure to the latest software and hardware tools, methodologies and technology and become fluent with industrial standards. Aspirants may seek internships while studying and even after graduation. Many education boards have made it mandatory to take up at least one internship during the course of their degree program in order to better prepare the candidates for competence in the real world. 

Career Outlook

What does the future look like for Software engineer?

With more and more of the workforce now turning tech-centric, the demand for software engineers is rapidly increasing. One of the reasons for the popularity of software engineering is the ability of these professionals to find opportunities in a wide variety of industries since its application is not limited solely to one. For example, Specialist IT firms, the Manufacturing industry, Financial Services, Public utilities etc to name a few. It is also one of the most important industries for today's economy. They generally work a 9 to 5 job, usually as a part of a team, spending most of their time at the keyboard. Another perk of this job is that one could work remotely as well, offering more flexibility to the employee. Apart from the high employability opportunities, this job also allows an individual to earn rewarding salaries in compensation for their work. Software engineers can also work as freelancers or take up contractual work. They typically work with companies across a range of sectors like IT firms, financial services, healthcare, public utilities as well as manufacturing companies.

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