Who is Phlebotomist?
phlebotomist assists patients by determining the optimum technique of specimen retrieval, preparing specimens for laboratory testing, and performing screening procedures. Other job duties include verifying test requisitions by comparing the information with the nursing station log; bringing discrepancies to the attention of unit personnel. Verifying patient by reading patient identification. And obtaining blood specimens by performing venipunctures and finger sticks.
Typical day at work
What does Phlebotomist do?
Phlebotomists take blood samples for testing. Blood samples may be required to learn more about a specific patient or research purposes. Blood is collected from donors by phlebotomists for patients who require blood transfusions. Although most blood is drawn from veins, phlebotomists must also be able to draw blood from capillaries. When only a little blood volume is required, capillary sampling is used. It can be found on the finger, the heel, or the earlobe. Phlebotomists handle other specimens, including urine, sputum, faeces, and hair. Blood draws for diagnosis, transfusion, and research are administered and managed by phlebotomists. Above all, phlebotomists must care for patients and take steps to minimize tainting or sample degradation, which can influence test accuracy, such as Hemolysis.
- Ensure one-time use of needles or syringes and dispose the contaminated instruments after use
- Ensure sanitization and sterilization of blood-drawing trays
- Using vacuum tube, syringe, or butterfly venipuncture process to draw blood from veins
- Matching laboratory requirement forms to specimen tubes and correctly label the samples
- Blood or other bio-hazard products or tissues disposal in compliance with relevant rules, guidelines or policies
- Administer blood alcohol, blood culture, drug levels, etc. testing
- Collect specimens for analyses, such as those measuring therapeutic drug levels at different time intervals
- Forward the test sample results to physicians to make diagnosis
- Input patient, test sample, insurance, or accounting information into database
- Extract blood from capillaries by using dermal puncture procedure like heel or finger stick techniques
- Administer haemoglobin checks for acceptable levels of iron of the donor
- Appropriately store and transfer blood, urine, fluid, and faecal specimines to laboratories from collection sites
- Take fluid or tissue samples, using correct collection methods
- Supervise and mentor other medical staff in techniques of phlebotomy
- Under doctor’s instructions, administer saline flushes or dispense anticoagulant drugs using intravenous (IV) lines
- Perform subcutaneous or intramuscular injections
- Extract blood from arteries using techniques for arterial collection
- Oversee blood or plasma donors throughout the process to safeguard their health, safety, and comfort
- Assess the suitability of donor based on interview, vital signs, and medical history
- Calibrate and maintain plasma collection and other machines
- Provide refreshments to donors to confirm sugar absorption into their system
- Conduct blood pressure, pulse, and respiration rate assessments of the patients
- Prepare stains and reagents
- With children create distractions and use smaller needles
- Explain the procedure to patients
- Draw blood into a tube by inserting a hypodermic needle
- Smear dressing on the needle puncture
- Verify identity of the patient or donor to confirm accurate sample testing and labelling.
Abilities & aptitude needed
What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Phlebotomist?
Along with understanding how to operate and set up complex laboratory machinery, Phlebotomists should value precision and be comfortable working with equipment, like needles which require careful monitoring. They need knowledge in anatomy and blood collection procedures. Understanding electronic medical health records and having basic computer skills are advantageous.
They must strictly adhere to all directions for the tests or processes to be carried out appropriately. They must have good hand-eye coordination and work intimately, safely, and successfully with needles, chemicals, and other laboratory tools. Thus, good hand-eye coordination and fine motor skills are necessary.
They must also practice all standard safety procedures and quality control principles in the laboratory and understand and abide by legal and health care procedures.
Phlebotomists need to be well-organized, have observation skills, and be detail-oriented to conduct procedures with accuracy and precision.
They must be able to use logical reasoning, critical thinking, and problem-solving abilities, as well as sound reasoning and judgement.
They must be able to successfully communicate both vocally and in writing and have interpersonal skills. Phlebotomists need to be understanding and compassionate about the patient’s anxiety and fear of needles; thus, phlebotomists must possess empathy to put the patient at ease.
Which course I can pursue?
Which are the best colleges to attend to become Phlebotomist?
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
New Delhi | Ministry of health and family welfareNIRF Rank : 1
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
Chandigarh, Chandigarh | INC, MCI, UGCNIRF Rank : 2
Christian Medical College, Vellore
Vellore | MCINIRF Rank : 3
Presidency College, Chennai
Chennai | UGCNIRF Rank : 3
Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh | MCINIRF Rank : 4
Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
Manipal,karnataka | Medical Council of IndiaNIRF Rank : 7
Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry
Puducherry, | DCI, MCI, UGCNIRF Rank : 8
Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi
New Delhi, Delhi | Nation Capital Territory,UGCNIRF Rank : 9
Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune
Pune, Maharashtra | Savitribai Phule Pune University, PuneNIRF Rank : 10
King George`s Medical University, Lucknow
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh | UGC, NAAC-ANIRF Rank : 10
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | Sri Ramachandra University (SRU)NIRF Rank : 11
St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru
Bengaluru, Karnataka | College of Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, BangaloreNIRF Rank : 12
Madras Christian College, Chennai
Chennai | University of MadrasNIRF Rank : 13
Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi
New Delhi, DELHI | College of University of Delhi, DelhiNIRF Rank : 14
JSS Medical College, Mysore
Mysuru, Karnataka | Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, KarnatakaNIRF Rank : 17
Christian Medical College, Ludhiana
Ludhiana, PUNJAB | College of Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, FaridkotNIRF Rank : 18
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi
New Delhi, Delhi | Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University.NIRF Rank : 19
Siksha 'O' Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar
Bhuvaneshwar, Odisha | Biju Patnaik University of Technology,UGC,NAACNIRF Rank : 21
PSGR Krishnammal College for Women, Coimbatore
Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu | Bharathiar University, CoimbatoreNIRF Rank : 22
University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi
Dilshad Garden, New Delhi | MCINIRF Rank : 23
Dayanand Medical College, Ludhiana
Ludhiana, NEW DELHI | MCINIRF Rank : 24
M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru
Bengaluru, Karnataka | Rajiv Gandhi UniversityNIRF Rank : 27
Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal West
Imphal, Manipur | College of Manipur University, ImphalNIRF Rank : 28
Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati
Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh | MCINIRF Rank : 29
Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur
Nagpur, Maharashtra | UGC,AIUNIRF Rank : 29
Scott Christian College, Nagercoil
Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu | Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, TirunelveliNIRF Rank : 30
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Bhubaneshwar, Odisha |NIRF Rank : 31
Thiagarajar College, Madurai
Madurai, Tamil Nadu | Madurai Kamaraj University, MaduraiNIRF Rank : 34
Sawai Man Singh Medical College
Jaipur, Rajasthan | College of Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, JaipurNIRF Rank : 38
St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu | Bharathidasan University, TiruchirappalliNIRF Rank : 39
Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, Tirupathi
Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh | UGCNIRF Rank : 46
Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute
Pondicherry, Puducherry | College of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, PondicherryNIRF Rank : 46
Kanchi Mamunivar Centre for Post Graduate Studies, Puducherry
Puducherry | Pondicherry UniversityNIRF Rank : 49
Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra
Thanesar, Haryana | UGCNIRF Rank : 53
JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore
Mysuru | UGCNIRF Rank : 55
SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu | SRM University, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 73
Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai
Chennai | NAAC; UGCNIRF Rank : 95
KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Belagavi
Belagavi | UGCNIRF Rank : 98
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Are there internships available for Phlebotomist?
What does the future look like for Phlebotomist?
Phlebotomists can work in clinical laboratories, hospitals, community health centres, ambulatory services, physician’s private practice, blood donation drives and other health care facilities. They are overseen by a clinical laboratory technician or another medical practitioner. They often work 8-hour shifts; however, the shifts may be flexible. At times, they have to travel to patients who cannot leave home to collect blood samples.
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