Who is Paramilitary?
A paramilitary organization is structured similar to the army and undertakes either civil or military functions. The Ministry of Home Affairs supervises the functions of all the paramilitary forces. It’s a two-tier structure:
1. Central Paramilitary Forces: Also known as Central Armed Police Forces, assist the Indian Armed forces and Police in the protection of the country’s border and internal security. The Paramilitary Forces of India are Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Assam Rifles (AR), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guards (NSG), and Border Security Forces (BSF).
2. Central Police Organizations (Forces): Working in collaboration or independent with the Indian Police Force and the federal agencies for internal security and law and order assistance. There are 11 departments under the Central Police Force.
Typical day at work
What does Paramilitary do?
Paramilitary officer have foundations in battle arms and military uncommon tasks, which may incorporate ground, air, or oceanic missions. These profoundly talented agents likewise have broad battle administration experience and unknown dialect capability and have increased significant experience through foreign travel. The CIA's paramilitary activities officials and specific abilities officials are superb judges of character and have a high level of sound judgment, adaptability, trustworthiness, and genuineness.
1. Assam Rifles (AR): The oldest paramilitary force whose job is to hold border security operations and counter insurgency in the North-Eastern areas of India.
2. Border Security Force (BSF): The duty is to monitor and check for infiltration on the international borders against intrusion as well as provide assistance to the Indian Army in war time. They are also referred to as the 'First Wall of Defence of Indian Territories'.
3. Central Industrial Security Force (CISF): The job is to provide industrial security to Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) such as nuclear installations, space establishments, airports, seaports, power plants, Government buildings, and heritage monuments.
4. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF): It is an armed Force of the Union of India, to assist the State/Union Territories in Police operations to maintain law and order, monitor the internal security, helping UN peace-keeping missions, and contain insurgency. They counter Left Wing Extremism or naxal operations.
5. Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP): A specialized mountain Force with men professionally trained mountaineers and skiers for identifying the frontier intelligence and security set up as well as overseeing any illegal immigration and trans-border smuggling along the Indo-Tibetan border. They are also trained in disaster management and can be deployed in UN peace-keeping missions to other nations.
6. National Security Guard (NSG): Commonly referred as Black Cats, involved in combating terrorist activities and safeguard states from witnessing any internal disturbances. They are task oriented Force, having two elements- the Special Action Group (SAG) consisting of Army personnel and the Special Ranger Groups (SRG), consisting of the Central Para Military Forces/State Police Force personnel.
7. Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB): Formely known as Special Service Bureau, is a Border Guarding Force (BGF), situated along the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan open borders to protect infiltration from militants, traffickers, and smugglers which pose national security threat.
Abilities & aptitude needed
What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Paramilitary?
Individuals who are patriotic, passionate to serve the nation, and have a desire to contribute to national peace can choose to join Paramilitary Force. This necessitates that they are physically and intellectually healthy.
These individuals need to display have strong discipline, be punctual, organized, determined, and dedicated for the intense training they go through. This also requires them to have good stamina and physical fitness. To be a part of the armed forces integrity and having a sense of responsibility is crucial.
When they are on the ground, they need to be alert, adventurous, courageous, be a team player, be dependable, and look out for their fellow colleagues as well as having leadership skills act as an added benefit.
They need to also possess good problem solving, judgement, and problem-solving skills. They need to also have good communication and interpersonal skills. Some amount of flexibility and adaptability to change is also necessary in order to work in harsh environments and odd hours.
Which course I can pursue?
Which are the best colleges to attend to become Paramilitary?
National Law School of India University, Bengaluru
Bengaluru, Karnataka | National Law School of India University, BangaloreNIRF Rank : 1
National Law University, New Delhi
New Delhi, Delhi | BCI; UGC; NAAC.NIRF Rank : 2
Hindu College, Delhi
Delhi | Delhi UniversityNIRF Rank : 2
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
Chandigarh, Chandigarh | INC, MCI, UGCNIRF Rank : 2
Presidency College, Chennai
Chennai | UGCNIRF Rank : 3
NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
Hyderabad, Telangana | NALSAR University of Law, HyderabadNIRF Rank : 3
St. Stephen`s College, Delhi
New Delhi | UGC,DUNIRF Rank : 4
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
Kolkata | UGCNIRF Rank : 5
Lady Shri Ram College for Women, New Delhi
New Delhi | Delhi UniversityNIRF Rank : 5
National Law University, Jodhpur
Jodhpur, Rajasthan | National Law University, JodhpurNIRF Rank : 6
Loyola College, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | University of Madras, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 6
Symbiosis Law School, Pune
Pune, Maharashtra | Symbiosis International University, PuneNIRF Rank : 7
Shri Ram College of Commerce, Delhi
New Delhi, Delhi | University of Delhi, DelhiNIRF Rank : 7
Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry
Puducherry, | DCI, MCI, UGCNIRF Rank : 8
Hans Raj College, Delhi
Delhi | Delhi University,UGCNIRF Rank : 9
Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune
Pune, Maharashtra | Savitribai Phule Pune University, PuneNIRF Rank : 10
King George`s Medical University, Lucknow
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh | UGC, NAAC-ANIRF Rank : 10
St. Xavier`s College, Kolkata
Kolkata, West Bengal | UGCNIRF Rank : 10
The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
Sidhuwal, Punjab | UGCNIRF Rank : 10
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | Sri Ramachandra University (SRU)NIRF Rank : 11
National Law Institute University, Bhopal
Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh | National Law Institute University, BhopalNIRF Rank : 11
Gargi College, Delhi
Delhi | Delhi University, UGCNIRF Rank : 12
Atma Ram Sanatan Dharm College, New Delhi
New Delhi | Delhi UniversityNIRF Rank : 14
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar College of Law, Visakhapatnam(ANDHRA UNIVERSITY)
Visakhapatnam, AP | Andra UniversityNIRF Rank : 15
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College.
New Delhi | UGC,Delhi UniversityNIRF Rank : 17
JSS Medical College, Mysore
Mysuru, Karnataka | Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, KarnatakaNIRF Rank : 17
Punjabi University, Patiala
Patiala, Punjab | UGC, NAAC.AIUNIRF Rank : 18
Kirori Mal College, Delhi
Delhi | University of DelhiNIRF Rank : 18
Sri Venkateswara College, Delhi
Delhi | Delhi UniversityNIRF Rank : 19
Banasthali Vidyapith, Banasthali
Jaipur, Rajasthan | UGCNIRF Rank : 19
Dyal Singh College, New Delhi
New Delhi | Delhi UniversityNIRF Rank : 20
Symbiosis International University, Pune
Lavale, Maharashtra | Symbiosis International University, PuneNIRF Rank : 22
Acharya Narendra Dev College, New Delhi
New Delhi | Delhi universityNIRF Rank : 24
Jesus & Mary College, New Delhi
Delhi | University of DelhiNIRF Rank : 25
National University of Advanced Legal Studies (NUALS)
Kochi | UGCNIRF Rank : 26
Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur
Nagpur, Maharashtra | UGC,AIUNIRF Rank : 29
Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak
Rohtak, Haryana | UGC, NAAC-ANIRF Rank : 32
Women`s Christian College, Chennai
Chennai | University of MadrasNIRF Rank : 32
Shanmugha Arts Science Technology and Research Academy, Thanjavur
Thanjur, Tamil nadu | NAAC, UGC, NAAC-ANIRF Rank : 38
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Varanasi | ACU AIU NAAC UGCNIRF Rank : 39
Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana
Mullana, Haryana | Maharishi Markandeshwar University, MullanaNIRF Rank : 41
Alliance University, Bengaluru
Bengaluru | UCCNIRF Rank : 42
Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
Vellore | UGCNIRF Rank : 46
Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, Tirupathi
Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh | UGCNIRF Rank : 46
Maharaja Agrasen College, Delhi
Delhi | University of DelhiNIRF Rank : 47
Panjab University, Chandigarh
Chandigarh,Chandigarh | Panjab University, ChandigarhNIRF Rank : 48
Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur
Raipur, Chhattisgarh | UGCNIRF Rank : 48
Amity University, Gautam Budh Nagar
NOIDA | UGC?, ?NAAC?, ?WASC?, ?AIU?, ?ACUNIRF Rank : 49
Bethune College, Kolkata
Kolkata | ?University of CalcuttaNIRF Rank : 50
VELS Institute of Science Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | ?UGC NAACNIRF Rank : 52
Lovely Professional University, Phagwara
Phagwara, Punjab | UGC, AIU, PCI, NCTE, COA, ACBSP,NIRF Rank : 52
Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra
Thanesar, Haryana | UGCNIRF Rank : 53
Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh | UGC, ACU AIU IAU IAUANIRF Rank : 56
Stella Maris College for Women, Chennai
Chennai | University of MadrasNIRF Rank : 58
Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Solan
Solan, Himachal Pradesh | UGCNIRF Rank : 65
SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu | SRM University, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 73
Lady Doak College, Madurai
Madurai | MKU,MaduraiNIRF Rank : 79
Sri Guru Gobind Singh College of Commerce, Delhi
New Delhi | University of DelhiNIRF Rank : 87
Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati
Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh | UGCNIRF Rank : 89
Ramanujan College, New Delhi
New Delhi, Delhi | University of Delhi, DelhiNIRF Rank : 100
The Northcap University, Gurugram
Gurgaon, Haryana | BCI, NAAC, UGC, MHRD, AIUNIRF Rank : 117
Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, Faridabad
Faridabad, Haryana | Manav Rachna International University, FaridabadNIRF Rank : 164
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What does the future look like for Paramilitary?
Apart from the high-grade pay, paramilitary forces also gain free perks such as free ration, travel and medical allowance, etc. depending upon the rank and force.
They are exclusively trained in horseback riding and other various self-defence styles. They generally work full-time. However, working hours change from occupational speciality, rank, service branch and military needs. Officers are allotted various shifts, and duty could be of the night shift or of even 24 hours.
An individual climbs up the ladder of ranks after gaining the necessary experience and education in each force.
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