Who is Coroner?
Coroners are medico-legal experts who investigate the cause of deaths and possible responsible parties in case of unnatural or unknown causes, from suspected murder, foul play, or sudden deaths in prison or police custody. They also investigate any deaths in which individuals die alone or without medical attention.
A coroner can visit death scenes, oversee and coordinate with forensic experts, and work with a team of pathologists, toxicologists, investigators, and physicians to find the circumstances of a death. A coroner is also responsible for the dead bodies leaving the morgue.
Typical day at work
What does Coroner do?
A coroner is in charge of the dead bodies that arrive at the mortuary. If the death appears suspicious, an investigation into the cause of death is launched. Coroners are in charge of examining the remains and identifying the time and cause of death. They will also provide an official death certificate outlining all of the death details. If the death is determined to be a homicide, the material acquired will be used in any subsequent legal proceedings. Coroners are also involved in judicial procedures. In the case of a death where the body has already been buried, the coroner grants authorisation for the body to be exhumed. They are also in charge of handling all parts of the death inquiry and reporting the findings to the courts. When the investigation is completed, and the courts have completed their work with the remains, the body is returned to the family.
- Conduct medico-legal and preliminary examinations and autopsies of the body to identify victims, identify signs of trauma, and recognize factors to specify time of death
- Investigate the death cause, way, and conditions to find deceased persons’ identity
- Formulate death certificates, specifying death cause and manner
- Observe and record the body position and condition at the time of death and allied evidence
- Observe, record, and retain any death-related objects or personal property, including items such as drug bottles and suicide notes
- Interview individuals present at death scene to attain valuable details to determine the manner of death
- Contact the family to notify and provide information and circumstances about the death of the deceased
- Complete reports and forms necessary to complete cases
- Collect and document any relevant information regarding medical history
- Assign work to staff for performing autopsies, conducting medical and toxicological tests and preparing permanent record documents
- Collaborate with public health officials and law enforcement agencies to manage interdepartmental activities
- Identify and record information about the next of kin, including the relationship with the deceased and the status of the attempted notification
- Collect recovered personal belongings from bodies such as rings or wallets
- Coordinate the release of unreported bodies and personal belongings to authorized persons and facilitate the disposal
- Coordinate the release of personal effects to authorized persons and facilitate the disposition of unclaimed corpses and personal effects
- Remove or track the removal of bodies from death scenes using necessary equipment and supplies and arrange transport to morgues
- Bear witness to inquiries, hearings and trials
- Collect the wills, burial orders, and other documents required to examine and for manage the remains
- Document the disposition of minor children, as well as descriptions of the care arrangements
- To observe and document deaths arising from a court order
- Determine the cause of death by evaluating all details available
- Speak to other experts concerned, such as the Doctor of the Deceased
- Order post-mortem examination if concerns about the cause of death arise
- Hold a death inquiry if there is a need
- Notifying the death registrar and the results of any investigation
- Write reports and suggestions to prevent deaths in future
- Inspect the body of a deceased person during autopsies to identify marks or other empirical evidence that indicates the cause of death
- Supervise the collection of physical, scientific, and pathological evidence
- Study death reports from physicians and law enforcement agencies.
Abilities & aptitude needed
What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Coroner?
- The coroner needs to have ample knowledge of anatomy and chemistry to determine the cause of death and background on the Indian Constitution, Laws, and other rules and regulations. This requires them to be physically, mentally, and emotionally fit, as handling death daily may get traumatic.
- They must be comfortable, firm and composed while dealing with individuals, including talking to them during confrontational situations. This also requires them to have sensitivity and empathy. They must also be skilled at interviewing and assertive in case of aggression and hostility.
- Other skills required are problem-solving, judgment, negotiation, decision-making, organisational, and analytical. They also need to be efficient in leadership, team and time management, such as meeting deadlines and prioritising tasks. They need strong written and verbal communication and interpersonal skills as they handle much paperwork.
- The field also demands self-discipline, patience, punctuality, commitment, and determination. To handle things effectively, a lot of hard work, alertness of mind, flexibility, and adaptability are required to work in harsh environments and odd hours. A proactive approach in planning and management is also expected.
Which course I can pursue?
Which are the best colleges to attend to become Coroner?
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
New Delhi | Ministry of health and family welfareNIRF Rank : 1
Christian Medical College, Vellore
Vellore | MCINIRF Rank : 3
Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
Manipal,karnataka | Medical Council of IndiaNIRF Rank : 7
Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry
Puducherry, | DCI, MCI, UGCNIRF Rank : 8
Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune
Pune, Maharashtra | Savitribai Phule Pune University, PuneNIRF Rank : 10
King George`s Medical University, Lucknow
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh | UGC, NAAC-ANIRF Rank : 10
St. Xavier`s College, Kolkata
Kolkata, West Bengal | UGCNIRF Rank : 10
Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira, Howrah
Howrah | University of CalcuttaNIRF Rank : 11
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | Sri Ramachandra University (SRU)NIRF Rank : 11
Gargi College, Delhi
Delhi | Delhi University, UGCNIRF Rank : 12
St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru
Bengaluru, Karnataka | College of Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, BangaloreNIRF Rank : 12
Madras Christian College, Chennai
Chennai | University of MadrasNIRF Rank : 13
Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi
New Delhi, DELHI | College of University of Delhi, DelhiNIRF Rank : 14
JSS Medical College, Mysore
Mysuru, Karnataka | Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, KarnatakaNIRF Rank : 17
Christian Medical College, Ludhiana
Ludhiana, PUNJAB | College of Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, FaridkotNIRF Rank : 18
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi
New Delhi, Delhi | Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University.NIRF Rank : 19
Siksha 'O' Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar
Bhuvaneshwar, Odisha | Biju Patnaik University of Technology,UGC,NAACNIRF Rank : 21
Symbiosis International University, Pune
Lavale, Maharashtra | Symbiosis International University, PuneNIRF Rank : 22
University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi
Dilshad Garden, New Delhi | MCINIRF Rank : 23
Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 24
Dayanand Medical College, Ludhiana
Ludhiana, NEW DELHI | MCINIRF Rank : 24
Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai
Velappanchavadi, Chennai | MCINIRF Rank : 25
M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru
Bengaluru, Karnataka | Rajiv Gandhi UniversityNIRF Rank : 27
Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal West
Imphal, Manipur | College of Manipur University, ImphalNIRF Rank : 28
Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur
Nagpur, Maharashtra | UGC,AIUNIRF Rank : 29
Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati
Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh | MCINIRF Rank : 29
Sawai Man Singh Medical College
Jaipur, Rajasthan | College of Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, JaipurNIRF Rank : 38
Shanmugha Arts Science Technology and Research Academy, Thanjavur
Thanjur, Tamil nadu | NAAC, UGC, NAAC-ANIRF Rank : 38
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Varanasi | ACU AIU NAAC UGCNIRF Rank : 39
Queen Mary`s College, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | University of Madras, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 40
Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, Tirupathi
Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh | UGCNIRF Rank : 46
Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | Sathyabama University, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 47
Amity University, Gautam Budh Nagar
NOIDA | UGC?, ?NAAC?, ?WASC?, ?AIU?, ?ACUNIRF Rank : 49
VELS Institute of Science Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | ?UGC NAACNIRF Rank : 52
Lovely Professional University, Phagwara
Phagwara, Punjab | UGC, AIU, PCI, NCTE, COA, ACBSP,NIRF Rank : 52
Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra
Thanesar, Haryana | UGCNIRF Rank : 53
Shivaji College, Delhi
Delhi | Delhi UniversityNIRF Rank : 54
JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore
Mysuru | UGCNIRF Rank : 55
Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh | UGC, ACU AIU IAU IAUANIRF Rank : 56
St. Xavier's College, Ahmedabad
Gujarat | Gujarat UniversityNIRF Rank : 56
Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Solan
Solan, Himachal Pradesh | UGCNIRF Rank : 65
SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu | SRM University, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 73
St. Xavier's College, Mumbai
Mumbai, Maharashtra | University of MumbaiNIRF Rank : 96
KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Belagavi
Belagavi | UGCNIRF Rank : 98
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, Nadia
Kolkata, West Bengal | Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, KolkataNIRF Rank : 165
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What does the future look like for Coroner?
The job of a coroner is to be involved in various judicial-based investments. They are government-appointed employees who have a vast knowledge of the law and justice of the nation. They have the authority to conduct or even give the orders for the inquiry in disputed matters involving the death of an individual. In other words, they are the ones who enquire the cause of the death lawfully. They have huge responsibilities dealing with court-related matters, the death of the people, and the ones involved in it. This kind of job requires a lot of analytical understanding, piercing vision, and a great deal of observational quality to not miss any precise detail.
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