Who is Biotechnologist?
Biotechnology is the field of biological sciences that has a very multidisciplinary approach. Biotechnology makes use of mechanical and computational technological tools of today to help solve biological mysteries and questions of yesterday. Biotechnologist is a candidate that has multidisciplinary knowledge of biology and technology. He/she is well-versed with techniques and tools along with in-depth knowledge about almost all aspects of biology like molecular biology, genetics, knowledge of organ systems and anatomy, microbiology, chemistry, physics, astronomy, mathematics, statistics, computational sciences, immunology, cancer biology, and many more. A biotechnologist generally works in several dynamic and versatile industries. The work of a biotechnology expert can vary from Food sciences to agriculture to health care systems to environment conservatory sciences. Since the subject of biotechnology is very vast and diverse in nature the applications of the subject are endless. Biotechnologists make use of advanced molecular and cell biology techniques to work towards manipulating plant, animal, and microbiological cells in order to make use of the manipulation in solving scientific, industrial, and healthcare-based problems.
Typical day at work
What does Biotechnologist do?
Biotechnology is a very multidisciplinary stream of science that demands its representatives to multitask along with having knowledge about different streams and faculties. Biotechnologists have to learn to use traditional and modern technological processes to solve biological problems. Biotechnologists work towards altering the normal functioning of living systems in order to obtain desired traits and results. Applications of Biotechnology are far and wide, some of the major ones are:
- Creating novel medicines and vaccines.
- Cross-breeding plants and animals to improve desired traits.
- Micro-organisms of different types are being used in sectors such as food production, drug production, supplement production, environmental conservation, and even waste management.
- Some biotechnologists may also work with cutting-edge, potentially contentious technologies like genetic modification and stem cell research. Biotechnologists are at the vanguard of technological innovation, and this is likely to be the way of the future.
- As a biotechnologist, you could find solutions to diseases, climate change, alternative fuels, pollution, scarcity of natural resources, and food scarcity.
Biotechnologists make use of advanced molecular and cell biology techniques to work towards manipulating plant, animal, and microbiological cells in order to make use of the manipulation in solving scientific, industrial, and healthcare-based problems. The uses of these manipulations are indeed vast since they work in different areas:
- In Agriculture to enhance the quality and quantity of crop yield along with the production of disease resistance in crops.
- In pharmaceutical industries to enhance the drug effect and work towards eradicating drug-resistant bug production.
- In healthcare for the generation of diagnostic, preventive, curative, and palliative tools to manage diseases.
- In fermentation technology for the production of alcoholic beverages, probiotics, antibiotics, prebiotics, food items like kimchi and tempeh, industrial chemicals like acids and alcohols, industrial enzymes, vinegar, other edible acids, vitamins, and secondary metabolites.
- In Botany and zoology, for the production of crossbreeds and hybrids in order to enhance their strengths for the sake of purpose-driven utilization.
- Different fermentation techniques to generate desired byproducts having industrial and domestic value/use.
- Since drug resistance has a significant cause of concern in today's world biotechnologists will have to work towards inventing or discovering newer and better drug components that would prevent the development of drug resistance in the bug.
Some general workings of a biotechnologist include:
- To design and implement research studies
- To develop new research procedures
- To work with lab technicians for research
- To set up the laboratory equipment to conduct and monitor experiments
- To collect, study, and test samples such as food, cells, tissues, blood samples, bacterial cultures, and living organisms
- To record findings and analyze the results
- To identify how the research can be applied to improving human life
Abilities & aptitude needed
What are the skills, abilities & aptitude needed to become Biotechnologist?
Being a biotechnologist you will eventually have to work towards generating desired results during any research or experimental work. However, it is not essential that a particular experimental setup would always show the exact desired results. A process can have a positive result or a negative result. Hence, a good biotechnologist understands that both positive and negative results give back a better understanding of the experiment and its different components. The right attitude towards any experimental setup and the procedure of the experiment leads a professional to stay persistent during the tenure of the experiment to not give up when the desired results are not obtained. Persistence is key to the success of any experimental study. A person must have the ability to endure pressures of all kinds since more often than not biological science-based projects/experiments have the question of life/death associated with them, making it a very pressurizing job. Hence the performance of the professional under pressure and in the absence of it must be the same or else there could be variations in the results.
When it comes to demonstrating leadership, managing time, confronting difficult situations, or communicating with coworkers, soft skills, or personality traits, are required. These are the personal characteristics that shape a person's ability to perform independently as well as under the influence of others. Soft skills include the capability to demonstrate teamwork in the most professional lab environment or on any company's grounds you will be working with, the ability to demonstrate teamwork is one of the most important competencies, and many professionals fail in their careers because they lack it.
Another desirable skill that employers look for is the ability to assess a problem even in the most challenging situations and focus on finding an accurate and positive solution. Be prepared to face some questions about the proclivity you will exhibit when exposed to some problematic situations. Challenges are unavoidable in any research lab, academic institution, company, or manufacturing industry, and thus a strong mindset with a solution-oriented approach is required.
Working in a lab or another biotech industry will require you to maintain responsibilities at odd hours or days, so be prepared to be judged by your employer for your adaptability. Adaptability also marks your ability to move forward after any failures or problems by not sulking over them and getting stagnant during the procedure. Anyone advancing to managerial positions in companies or becoming a team leader in labs must be able to demonstrate their effectiveness through their leadership skills.
Other important soft skills required in the Biotech industry include the confidence and language expertise to deliver seminars, the ability to present your work in front of the reviewing committee, reflecting your maximum creativity, delivering productive work, meeting deadlines, making the best use of economic resources, adhering to the organization's rules and regulations, and demonstrating honesty in your work. These soft skills may not be taught in some Biotechnology colleges or institutes but can be gained through skill development courses and consistent practice.
Which course I can pursue?
Which are the best colleges to attend to become Biotechnologist?
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
New Delhi | Ministry of health and family welfareNIRF Rank : 1
Miranda House, Delhi
Delhi | Delhi UniversityNIRF Rank : 1
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
Chandigarh, Chandigarh | INC, MCI, UGCNIRF Rank : 2
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Mohali
Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, Punjab | UGCNIRF Rank : 3
National Institute of Technology, Calicut
Kattangal, Kerala | AICTE, UGCNIRF Rank : 3
Presidency College, Chennai
Chennai | UGCNIRF Rank : 3
Christian Medical College, Vellore
Vellore | MCINIRF Rank : 3
Loyola College, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | University of Madras, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 6
Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune
Pune, Maharashtra | Savitribai Phule Pune University, PuneNIRF Rank : 10
St. Xavier`s College, Kolkata
Kolkata, West Bengal | UGCNIRF Rank : 10
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | Sri Ramachandra University (SRU)NIRF Rank : 11
Madras Christian College, Chennai
Chennai | University of MadrasNIRF Rank : 13
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal
Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh | AICTE, NBANIRF Rank : 14
National Institute of Technology Rourkela
Rourkela, Odisha | UGCNIRF Rank : 16
JSS Medical College, Mysore
Mysuru, Karnataka | Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, KarnatakaNIRF Rank : 17
Punjabi University, Patiala
Patiala, Punjab | UGC, NAAC.AIUNIRF Rank : 18
Banasthali Vidyapith, Banasthali
Jaipur, Rajasthan | UGCNIRF Rank : 19
Sri Venkateswara College, Delhi
Delhi | Delhi UniversityNIRF Rank : 19
Indian Institute of Technology
Mandi, Himachal Pradesh |NIRF Rank : 20
Siksha 'O' Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar
Bhuvaneshwar, Odisha | Biju Patnaik University of Technology,UGC,NAACNIRF Rank : 21
National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal
Mangaluru, Karnataka |NIRF Rank : 21
Indian Institute of Technology Patna
Patna | UGCNIRF Rank : 22
Symbiosis International University, Pune
Lavale, Maharashtra | Symbiosis International University, PuneNIRF Rank : 22
Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala
Patiala, Punjab | UGCNIRF Rank : 23
Acharya Narendra Dev College, New Delhi
New Delhi | Delhi universityNIRF Rank : 24
Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur
Nagpur, Maharashtra | UGC,AIUNIRF Rank : 29
Mar Ivanios College, Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram | University of Kerala,UGCNIRF Rank : 29
Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati
Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh | MCINIRF Rank : 29
Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak
Rohtak, Haryana | UGC, NAAC-ANIRF Rank : 32
Women`s Christian College, Chennai
Chennai | University of MadrasNIRF Rank : 32
Thiagarajar College, Madurai
Madurai, Tamil Nadu | Madurai Kamaraj University, MaduraiNIRF Rank : 34
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore
Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu | Anna University, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 37
Shanmugha Arts Science Technology and Research Academy, Thanjavur
Thanjur, Tamil nadu | NAAC, UGC, NAAC-ANIRF Rank : 38
St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu | Bharathidasan University, TiruchirappalliNIRF Rank : 39
International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad
Hyderabad, Telungana | AICTE, UGCNIRF Rank : 39
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Varanasi | ACU AIU NAAC UGCNIRF Rank : 39
Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana
Mullana, Haryana | Maharishi Markandeshwar University, MullanaNIRF Rank : 41
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh | Uttar Pradesh Technical University (UPTU)NIRF Rank : 42
Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal
Manipal, Karnataka | Manipal University, ManipalNIRF Rank : 43
Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, Tirupathi
Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh | UGCNIRF Rank : 46
Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
Vellore | UGCNIRF Rank : 46
National Institute of Technology Durgapur
Durgapur, West Bengal | Deemed UniversityNIRF Rank : 46
Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | Sathyabama University, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 47
Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur
Raipur, Chhattisgarh | UGCNIRF Rank : 48
Kanchi Mamunivar Centre for Post Graduate Studies, Puducherry
Puducherry | Pondicherry UniversityNIRF Rank : 49
Amity University, Gautam Budh Nagar
NOIDA | UGC?, ?NAAC?, ?WASC?, ?AIU?, ?ACUNIRF Rank : 49
Bethune College, Kolkata
Kolkata | ?University of CalcuttaNIRF Rank : 50
Lovely Professional University, Phagwara
Phagwara, Punjab | UGC, AIU, PCI, NCTE, COA, ACBSP,NIRF Rank : 52
VELS Institute of Science Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | ?UGC NAACNIRF Rank : 52
Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra
Thanesar, Haryana | UGCNIRF Rank : 53
Sri Krishna Arts and Science College, Coimbatore
Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu | Bharathiar University, CoimbatoreNIRF Rank : 53
JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore
Mysuru | UGCNIRF Rank : 55
St. Xavier's College, Ahmedabad
Gujarat | Gujarat UniversityNIRF Rank : 56
Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh | UGC, ACU AIU IAU IAUANIRF Rank : 56
Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi
Belgaum, Karnataka | Visvesvaraya Technological University, BelagaviNIRF Rank : 57
Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation University(K L College of Engineering), Vaddeswaram
Guntur, Andhra Pradesh | University Grants Commission, All India Council for Technical EducationNIRF Rank : 58
Stella Maris College for Women, Chennai
Chennai | University of MadrasNIRF Rank : 58
MS Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bengaluru
Bengaluru, Karnataka | Visvesvaraya Technological University, BelagaviNIRF Rank : 64
Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Solan
Solan, Himachal Pradesh | UGCNIRF Rank : 65
Govt. Arts College, Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala | Kerala UniversityNIRF Rank : 69
National Institute of Technology Agartala
Paschim Barjalai, Tripura | UGCNIRF Rank : 70
SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu | SRM University, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 73
Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore
Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu | Anna University, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 77
Lady Doak College, Madurai
Madurai | MKU,MaduraiNIRF Rank : 79
Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra
Dudura, Jammu and Kashmir | UGCNIRF Rank : 85
Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi
Melamattur, Tamil Nadu | Anna University, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 88
Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati
Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh | UGCNIRF Rank : 89
Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai
Chennai | NAAC; UGCNIRF Rank : 95
IK Gujral Punjab Technical University, Kapurthala
jalandhar | UGC, AICTENIRF Rank : 96
St. Xavier's College, Mumbai
Mumbai, Maharashtra | University of MumbaiNIRF Rank : 96
KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Belagavi
Belagavi | UGCNIRF Rank : 98
Muthurangam Govt. Arts College, Vellore
Vellore, Tamil Nadu | Thiruvalluvar University, VelloreNIRF Rank : 98
Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai
Chennai | UGCNIRF Rank : 99
St. Josephs College of Engineering, Kancheepuram
Chennai, Tamil Nadu | Anna University, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 128
NMAM Institute of Technology, Nitte
Nitte, Karnataka | Visvesvaraya Technological University, BelagaviNIRF Rank : 128
Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai
Mevalurkuppam, Tamil Nadu | Anna University, ChennaiNIRF Rank : 139
YMCA University of Science and Technology, Faridabad
Faridabad, Haryana | UGCNIRF Rank : 144
PES University, Bengaluru
Bengaluru, Karnataka | AICTE, NAAC, UGCNIRF Rank : 149
Dr Vishwanath Karad MIT World Peace University, Pune
Pune, Maharashtra | UGCNIRF Rank : 154
Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, Faridabad
Faridabad, Haryana | Manav Rachna International University, FaridabadNIRF Rank : 164
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, Nadia
Kolkata, West Bengal | Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, KolkataNIRF Rank : 165
Which industries are open for Biotechnologist?
A biotechnologist is a multidisciplinarian having knowledge and experience in several fields. This makes a Biotechnologist an asset for several industries such as:
- Food and beverages
- Pharmaceutical (Drug and drug formulations)
- Research and development
- Biofuels and Clean energy
- Biofertilizer production
- Chemical and biochemical
- Diagnostics and paramedics
- Teaching and Education
- Engineering and bioengineering
- Astrophysics and astronomy
- Medical marketing and sales
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Are there internships available for Biotechnologist?
What does the future look like for Biotechnologist?
Biotechnology has been the most talked about career ever since the covid-19 pandemic that has made people around the globe aware of the potential of this particular branch of science. Employment in this sector is expected to grow at a rate of 7% between 2020 and 2030, which is about the same as the national average for all occupations. On average, 11,800 openings for biotechnicians are expected each year over the next decade. Many of those openings are expected to be created as a result of the need to replace workers who transfer to different occupations or leave the labor force for other reasons, such as retirement.
The need for biological technicians is expected to rise as demand for biological and medical research has risen after the Covid 19 pandemic. Synthetic biology, a new area of biotechnology, will employ biotechnicians to redesign biological systems or living organisms for use in more efficient ways than currently used. Biotechnology applications could be the subject of research topics such as how to produce biofuels and new treatments for cancer and other diseases.
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